UNIT X 194 | UNIT 5 Instructional Routine: Mathematics p. Txxxiii Graph Information A • Read about graphs Read aloud the information about graphs. Use the vocabulary routine for graph and data. Explain that a graph is a picture or chart and data is information. When we organize data, or information, into a graph, or picture, we show the information in a clear way. • Identify bar graphs Point to the graph on the page and say: This is a bar graph. Explain that bar graphs are used for counting things. Tell children that bar graphs have a title and that the title of this graph is Our Favorite Weather. Tell children that bar graphs have labels. Tell children that Students is the label for the numbers, and windy, sunny, and rainy are the labels for the weather. Explain that this bar graph shows what types of weather children like across the bottom, and how many children like each type on the side. • Play the audio for children to listen as they study the graph. Essential Question: How do you read a bar graph? Write the question on the board. Ask children to answer the Essential Question. Tell them to point to the parts of the bar graph as they explain. ANSWERS Sample answer: You read the labels. You look at the “bars” of color to see how many of something there is. You compare the numbers of each thing. B • Interpret data Ask children to work in pairs to answer the questions about the graph. Monitor pairs as they work to make sure they are reading the graph correctly. Offer assistance as needed. • Choose the operation Point out that for question 6, children must do a math problem. Ask them to write the equation and solve the problem. ANSWERS 1. ten 2. six 3. seven 4. sunny weather 5. rainy weather 6. two children (6 – 4 = 2) Games Sort and graph Divide children into small groups. Give each group a set of manipulative blocks, geometric shapes, colored buttons, or coins. Have each group sort the manipulatives into categories. Have each group create a bar graph to represent their sorting activity. PRACTICE EXPLORE AND LEARN DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION Scaffold Gather children who need more support in a group to study the graph and answer the questions. Have them take turns reading aloud the questions and leading the discussion to find the answers. Listen for correct usage and pronunciation as well as correct answers. Recast incorrect usage and pronunciation in a supportive manner, and help them understand any mistakes in reading the bar graph. Amplify Challenge children to write complete sentences for their answers instead of just numbers. Demonstrate how to use the words that are in the question to form the answer. For example: Q. How many children are in the class? A. There are ten children in the class. Graph Information A Read about graphs. We use graphs to organize data. We read the graph to understand the data. Our class collected data about our favorite weather. We recorded our data on a bar graph. B Answer the questions. 1. How many students are in the class? 2. How many students like windy weather? 3. How many students like sunny weather? 4. What weather do most students like? 5. What weather do the fewest students like? 6. How many more students like windy weather than like rainy weather? CONNECT TO Mathematics UNIT 5 194 Our Favorite Weather Students 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 windy sunny rainy CON22_1_SE_U05_194-195_CM.indd 194 30/10/2020 11:46 UNIT 5 / CONNECT TO MATHEMATICS

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